Thursday, March 8, 2018

Compositional Device Project Student Example


Compositional Device Project

Theme:

The theme I chose for the compositional device project is the color red. When looking for theme ideas, I noticed there was a lot of red on campus, at home, and on the streets. My theme of the color red allows me to go about my daily life and be able to capture images in a variety of locations. Red is a very powerful and energetic color that draws attention from the eyes due to its vibrant emotion. Also, there are many different shades of red which allows me to play with the emotion of the picture.


Plan of action:

My plan of action is to use class time to go all around the school, looking for red subjects that I can capture for any of the 9 compositional devices. Over the weekends I plan on taking more pictures of red objects at home and outside of my house (streets, sports training). I will try to take most of my pictures in the daytime for better lighting and I'm not going to use a tripod so that I can have a more flexible angle of the camera. I also want to focus on adjusting the aperture of the camera to have either a deep or shallow depth of field. When editing, I'm going to make the image black and white, and just paint in the color red in order to have more of a focus and emphasis on the color with minimal background noise.

Images of Inspiration:




https://www.flickr.com/photos/tuulai/4063780177/sizes/z/
I like this picture because it shows how you can capture an image of a simple object, yet make it very appealing to the eye. I can draw inspiration from this picture of a red rope because it represents the compositional device of rule of thirds and it has a shallow depth of field. It also shows how even though the background is green, our eyes are drawn to the ref rope because of the way it is in focus and sharp while the background is soft.




https://www.flickr.com/photos/luvbichons/13499709333/sizes/l/

I like this picture because a rose is one of my favorite flowers and this shade of red is really bright so it draws attention. I can draw inspiration from this picture because it is a good example of the compositional device of filling the frame. The camera is very close to the rose, therefore the majority of the frame is of just the rose with a little bit of background which doesn't distract you from the main subject.



https://www.flickr.com/photos/its-only-lines/8971675397/sizes/l/
I like this picture because it is also of a simple object, however the camera angle and depth of field makes it more interesting to look at. I can draw inspiration from this image because it represents several different compositional devices such as lines, leading lines, fill the frame, symmetry and pattern, and point of view. This shows how some of the images I take can have more than one compositional device but I have to choose which one fits best. This picture also uses a large aperture so that one part of the image is in focus and the rest of it is blurred.


Digital Contact Print (all 9 Compositional Devices):


I have taken about 150 images in total for this project. In this digital contact print, I have narrowed down my pictures to my top photos of all the compositional devices. The pictures in the squares are the final 9 images that I chose to edit. Below are 9 digital contact prints of my top 3 images for each compositional device.


Fill the Frame Digital Contact Print


These are my top 3 images for fill the frame. I found this compositional device one of the simpler ones to shoot because I understood this concept from the beginning. I ended up choosing the coca cola piggy bank image because it was different than a typical fill the frame with a flower photo.


Follow the Eyes Digital Contact Print


These are my top 3 images for follow the eyes. I thought this compositional device was a little more challenging to shoot but it allowed me to capture a variety of images. I ended up choosing the statue image because it was different than following a real persons eyes.


Rule of Thirds Digital Contact Print


These are my top 3 images for rule of thirds. I also found this compositional device quite simple to capture because I just moved my positioning to have the main subject in one corner. I ended up choosing the water bottle on the field image because I like how the size of the water bottle is large in proportion to the rest of the field.


Leading Lines Digital Contact Print


These are my top 3 images for leading lines. At first I had some trouble finding objects to shoot for a leading line, but in the end I found some things. I ended up choosing the image of the slide because of its angle and the brightness of the color red.


Symmetry and Pattern Digital Contact Print


These are my top 3 images for symmetry and pattern. I understood this compositional device, however had some trouble finding objects that fall under this device. I ended up choosing the playground image because of the angle and how bright the red is compared to the background colors.


Balance Digital Contact Print


These are my top 3 images for balance. I also found balance another difficult compositional device to shoot because I didn't really understand it until later into the project. I ended up choosing the vending machine photos because it was the best photo I had for balancing the color red.


Framing Digital Contact Print


These are my top 3 images for framing. I had more trouble finding things to capture for this compositional device because I didn't really understand how to frame objects until later in the project. I ended up choosing the tennis court image because it was the best image for framing that I got.



Lines Digital Contact Print


These are my top 3 images for lines. Once I understood the difference between lines and leading lines, I was able to capture more images. I ended up choosing the umbrella photo because there is a variety of lines going in different directions, which makes it more interesting to look at.


Point of Perspective Digital Contact Print


These are my top 3 images for point of perspective. I understood this device very well but had more difficulty finding red objects that I could do a point of perspective on. However, I ended up choosing the lantern photo because of the light that is coming in from behind the trees that enhances the red.


Final 9 Images
These are my final 9 edited images for this compositional device project. I captured all 9 of the compositional devices using the theme of the color red. I edited almost all of the photos by making them black and white, and then coloring in the red.



Fill the Frame


This is my final edited image for the compositional device of fill the frame. To capture this image of a red coca cola piggy bank, I lied down on the floor and got close to it in order to have it fill the frame. I used a small aperture to have the piggy bank in focus, and the simple background of the floor and wall to be blurred. In camera raw I enhanced the color red by increasing the exposure and saturation, and in photoshop I made the image black and white, and colored in the red piggy bank.


Rule of Thirds


This is my final edited image for the compositional device of rule of thirds. To capture this image of a red water bottle on a field, I lied down on the ground in order to have a more interesting angle and to make the water bottle large in proportion. This image displays the device of rule of thirds because the water bottle is in the bottom right of the picture. I used a large aperture to capture this image, therefore everything is in focus. In camera raw I increased exposure, clarity and saturation, and in photoshop I once again used the black and white adjustment to have the eyes drawn to the red.


Follow the Eyes


This is my final edited image for the compositional device of follow the eyes. I captured this image of follow the eyes on Orchard Road of a red statue reading the newspaper. I kneeled down a bit in order to get a better angle of the statue to be able to see his eyes. In camera raw, I increased the exposure and brightness of the red and in photoshop I used the black and white adjustment. I also cropped this photo on the right side because there was a person sitting that was distracting from the main focus of the image, the statues eyes.


Symmetry and Pattern


This is my final edited image for the compositional device of symmetry and pattern. This is an image of a piece of red playground equipment that is symmetrical down the middle and creates a pattern on both sides. When capturing this image, I got down low in order to create a more interesting angle. In camera raw, I enhanced the color red by increasing the exposure and saturation. Then in photoshop I used the black and white adjustment tool, and colored in the red, which took some time because the lines are thin. I think the black and white really worked in this photo because nothing else besides the red is symmetrical or show pattern, therefore the black and white reduced the background noise and pulls focus towards the red.


Point of Perspective


This is my final edited image for the compositional device of point of perspective. I captured this image of red Chinese New Year lanterns hung up on trees outside of my apartment. Since I was on the ground, I just aimed the camera directly up to the sky, to capture a low point of perspective of the lanterns. In camera raw, I increased the exposure, brightness and saturation by a lot since there isn't much red in this photo and I need to draw attention to the small lanterns. In photoshop, I made the image black and white, colored in the red lanterns, and adjusted the properties of the colors green, yellow and blue, in order to give the trees and sky more texture.


Leading Lines


This is my final edited image for the compositional device of leading lines. This image of a red slide displayed leading lines because there are the side lines of the slide, and several lines on the slide than lead towards the top of it. I decided to take this picture from the ground leading up to the top to give it a different angle, as most slides are usually going from the the top to the ground. In camera raw, I enhanced this color of red to make it more bright by increasing the vibrance and saturation, and in photoshop I used the black and white adjustment tool, and colored in the red slide.


Balance


This is my final edited image for the compositional device of balance. I captured this device with two red coca cola vending machines right next to each other. I like how the shades of red of the two vending machines are different but balance each other out. I used a large aperture in order to have everything in the photo in focus and to have more of a balance. In camera raw, I enhanced the color red by increasing the exposure, and in photoshop I cropped the image to have it balance more equally. Then I used the black and white adjustment tool and colored in the red parts of the picture.


Lines


This is my final edited image for the compositional device of lines. This is an image of the inside of a red table umbrella. The device of lines is displayed in a variety of ways such as its size, thickness, and direction. I used a large aperture to have everything in focus, and I zoomed in to reduce background noise. In camera I enhanced this shade of red by increasing the exposure and saturation. In photoshop, I found the trying to just color in the red and not the lines under the black and white adjustment tool was too difficult because of the lines were thin and coloring it by hand doesn't allow for the lines to be perfectly straight. Therefore, this is the only image which is not in black and white, however I don't think it is really noticeable because the lines are a beige white color.


Framing


This is my final edited image for the compositional device of framing. This device was the hardest for me to capture because I didn't clearly understand the concept at first and I couldn't find anything that would fall under the category. However, the tennis court at my apartment turned out great for this device because I was able to frame the red court with the black lines of the net. To capture this image, I kneeled down, got close to the net and used a small aperture in order to have the red court in focus and the net blurred. In camera raw, I enhanced the red color of the court by increasing the exposure, vibrance and saturation because it was a faded red at first. In photoshop, I used the black and white adjustment tool and painted in the red court.


Editing Techniques


This is the image I edited for the compositional device of follow the eyes. First, I started in camera raw to enhance the color red by increasing the exposure, vibrance and saturation. I then increased the contrasts, highlights and clarity of the photo, in order to sharpen the statue and make it stand out more.


The first thing I did in photo shop was crop the image. I cropped the right side of the image because there was a person sitting that was distracting from the main focus of the picture. Cropping her out, reduced background noise and draws attention to what the statue is looking at.



Then, I used the black and white adjustment tool to make the entire image black and white.



I then adjusted the preset properties by increasing the colors yellow and light blue, and decreasing the colors green and dark blue. By doing this the black and white affect will change to be darker or lighter on those corresponding colors.



The last thing I did in photoshop was to used the paint brush tool to color in the red statue. This step was pretty time consuming for all the images because I had to zoom in and out, and adjust the paint brush size in order to color in only the red accurately.


Successes and Challenges
I had many successes and challenges throughout this compositional device project. One of the successes I had was coming up with a theme and sticking to it. I thought the theme of the color red was simple but still allowed flexibility because I was able to find a variety of things with different shades of red. While taking photos, I had the most success in capturing the devices of rule of thirds, fill the frame, follow the eyes, and symmetry and pattern. While editing, a success was my technique of enhancing the color red and using the black and white adjustment tool really worked out, and all 9 images looked good together in my final document. One of the challenges I had while taking photos was capturing the devices of balance, point of perspective, and leading lines. Some of the compositional devices were also a little confusing to understand, and it took me some time and practice to understand it. While editing, a major challenge I had was painting in the red on each image because it was quite a difficult task, and very time consuming. Overall, I really enjoyed doing this project because it was challenging, yet interesting and different to choose a theme and capture images based off of devices for that specific theme.

Monday, February 26, 2018

Compositional Device practice

Lines (horizontal)


Leading Lines (lines on track and fence)



Rule of Thirds




Fill the Frame


Framing


Point of Perspective (high vantage)


Follow the Eyes



Balance


Pattern 

Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Art 1-Perspective Drawing- A+

LINEAR PERSPECTIVE- (Claire Zhang)

Application of linear perspective
A church interior showing the vanishing point
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Over this unit, we learned about the concept of linear perspective by creating two projects: one point and two point perspective drawings.

Linear perspective is a concept of realistically creating the basic three-dimensional illusion of space and depth on a two-dimensional flat surface. The idea of linear perspective along with three dimensionalities started to emerge since Renaissance (14-16 century). This revolutionized the way artists perceive the surrounding world considering the depth of objects rather than just roughly drawing outlines which are commonly found distorted and lacking the sense of three-dimensionality in Medieval art pieces. The principle of linear perspective further helps us understand the composition of contemporary artworks and serves as a building block for learning more complex art techniques.


The following are some key terms and main ideas introduced in this unit:

Depending on the number of vanishing points, the direction where objects extend their depth varies. The closer is the object to the vanishing point, the farther it appears from the viewer.

horizon line represents the eye-level border of the drawing and is usually invisible. It differentiates whether more of the bottom or the top of the object would be seen. Therefore any object placed above the horizon means that we are taking a perspective of looking up, whereas an object below the horizon line is the opposite.

A set of parallel lines or converging lines (extend from the edges of the objects) appear to converge at the vanishing point(s).


A one-perspective drawing is the easiest three-dimensional drawing. I started out labeling the vanishing point, drawing an invisible compositional horizon line which represents the eye-level and gets crossed with the vanishing point at the center of the paper. Next, I drew different shapes on blank spaces and converging lines joining the edge of the shapes with the vanishing point. Since I drew the outlines with light, technical pencil, I later used the fine marker to draw the final draft and erased the pencil traces. Subsequently, I used vine charcoal of a few different colors (pink, green, purple, turquoise, blue, yellow) for background and used a paper towel and blending stick to blend them. Eventually, I left more space by erasing color charcoal on the surface of the crate-like objects in order show the contrast.

One-Point Perspective Drawing

Material Used:
  • A 50cm ruler
  • Liquid Ink Fine Marker
  • An eraser
  • Vine charcoal (Yellow, green, blue, turquoise, pink, purple)
  • A3-sized drawing paper
  • 2H technical pencil
  • A blending stick
  • A paper towel


By adding another vanishing point in the vision, another variation of three-dimensionality is created. Firstly I drew a horizon line and spot two points at the two end of the horizon line, and then I connected the converging lines to the vanishing points. Based on the lines I drew cubes with edges overlapping the converging lines as well as the window openings of the cubes by a fine marker. I eventually used black ink to color the background to show contrast. Inner cubes are colored with pink, orange, and blue which represent the top, bottom, and side of the vision respectively. On the upper half of the paper above the horizon line, more pink (top) color can be seen. On the lower half of the paper below the horizon line, more orange (bottom) color can be seen. The color blue is always visible. I left the unopened cubes and outer surface white since it looks more simplistic. 

Two-Point Perspective Drawing

Material Used:


  • Pink, blue, orange colored markers
  • Liquid Ink Fine Marker
  • A3-sized drawing paper
  • 2H technical pencil
  • A round brush
  • Black Ink


Successes

For both drawings, I believe that I did well for not only completing the task but also challenging myself to the next level. I created more complex shapes with openings for the one point perspective drawing and made it colorful by blending a few vine charcoals for the background. For the two-point drawing, I challenged myself to color different internal sides of the opening of the cubes. For both drawings I did well illustrate the cubes accurately, erasing the horizon and vanishing points, fully coloring the background, and finding the correct orientation and framing.


Challenges
For the one-point perspective drawing, I realized that I drew too many crates which filled the drawing so the converging lines are barely visible. For the two-point perspectives, I found it difficult to color the background without accidentally painting a little bit onto the cubes. Therefore I had used some whiteout tape to fix this. Although with some minor imperfection, I believe that these two drawings are successful as a whole, therefore I am proud of my project.









Art 1-Still Life Drawing- A+


STILL LIFE DRAWINGS


Still life on a 2nd-century mosaic, with fish, poultry, dates and vegetables from the Vatican museum


Over this unit, we are introduced to the concept of observing and depicting inanimate real-life objects. Still life is a genre of Western art emerged early since Middle Ages and ancient Greco-Roman era, and still remains a predominant work of art nowadays. With subjects easy to access in everyday life such as either natural flowers, fruits, plants, rocks, or artificial containers, tools, furniture, books, musical instruments, still life drawing is an intrinsic stepping stone to develop art skills to challenge to a higher level.

The following are some key terms and main ideas introduced in this unit:

The composition is the organizations or grouping of the different parts of a work of art so as to achieve a unified whole.

Thumbnail sketch is a quick, concise description of drawing/sketch small in size.

Local shadow is the shadow on the object itself.

Highlights are the area of most intense light on a representative form in painting.


We primarily learned about skills to analytically observe objects in composition, shape, dark and light values and to be able to illustrate them.

The above figures are thumbnails sketches that I illustrated over this unit, this could be a very simple sketch which determines the approximate outline with full consideration of its proportion. It works as a reference or draft for the final drawing.

Pencil-based still-life drawing of a distorted coffee can

Material Used:
2H, 2B, 6B, 9B pencils
Eraser
1 piece of sketch paper
1 coffee can

This is the first drawing of my final project. This pencil-based still-life drawing wasn't a challenge for me since I already have 3 years of experience. The first step is to determine the approximate shape by repeatedly sketching light outlines. According to the shaded area, find the optimum contour outline which maintains the correct shape and proportion of the original object. The following step is to fully erase the redundant lines and build on details on top of the previous step. Eventually, cast the shadow on the object itself in accord with the source of sunlight and depth (distance) of the different parts of the object. Erase wherever necessary to create highlights.


Reverse still-life drawing of a glassware on a black background using white chalk

Material Used:
White chalk
Black paper
Eraser
1 glass

The second drawing was a challenge for me since I have totally no experience in chalk drawing, especially when the paper is black instead of lightly colored sketch paper. However, I interpreted the skillset to complete this drawing by following the similar steps as the previous drawing. Just like the previous one, I firstly used chalk to outline the object and erase the redundant traces. Since the object is a glassware, its edges and corners yield a darker color while the rest primarily highlight. I shaded the highlight area and erased wherever seems comparatively darker. Subsequently, I realized that the property of glassware is highly reflective of light and is translucent. As a reverse, the shaded areas of chalk become highlight rather than shadows as in pencil sketch.

Successes
I am proud of both of my drawings in this project. I have put lots of efforts into it and I believe I did well figuring out the accurate shape and composition as well as casting the shadows correctly. I am especially excited about this project because I got to uncover the property of still-life drawing, acquire essential skill sets and techniques.

Challenges
Although the second drawing was quite challenging for me, it helps me understand that the principle of dark and light values is universal and never changes. With a great source of application and extension in other drawing methods, this still-life project is a great opportunity for me to experience various source of drawings such as chalk other than just pencil.





Art 1-Self-Portrait Drawing- A+


PORTRAIT DRAWING- Claire Zhang

Mona Lisa with the ginger cat Zarathustra, by Svetlana Petrova, based on Leonardo Da Vinci



Portrait drawing is the depiction of a person's face which displays the personality, prominent facial features, and mood. Self-portrait, however, flourished since the Medieval Ages. It provides us an opportunity for us to better prepare for higher level illustration with more complex elements.

The following are some key terms and main ideas introduced in this unit:

Framing: surrounding or framing in the main object in the picture frame creates a center of interest to the picture.

Proportion: still-life drawing or any drawing depicting real-life objects and features follows the rule of proportion in order to be in shape and recognizable rather than distorted. The facial features align with each other following the patterns below.

Grid method: a technique predominantly used by art beginners to divide the entire complex figure of an object into smaller, controllable, measurable squares in order to depict the most accurate shape and shades possible.

The standard proportion of human faces

This above figure is the standard proportion of human faces. By following this pattern, I tried to sketch a self-portrait without using the grid technique.

Rough pencil sketch of self-portrait

This is a rough pencil sketch by looking at myself in the mirror. The face seems to be distorted and not as accurate due to the human error in observation.

However, with the application of grid technique, the accuracy of the depiction of details, curves, shapes, and shades had significantly improved.
My self-portrait using grid technique (in progress)

The finished version of self-portrait drawing using grid technique


Material Used:

2H, 2B, 6B, 9B, and charcoal pencils

Eraser

Ruler

A piece of sketch paper

3*6 inch printed reference photo of myself

Successes:

I am particularly proud of my final drawing which I did well figuring out the shape and casting the correct shadows of my self-portrait. I realized that grid technique is a great way for art beginners to figure out the accurate degree of curve and shadows. Great improvement can be seen from the first rough sketch to the final self-portrait simply by using the grid technique. Other than those pencils provided on art class, I used charcoal and 9B pencils to outline the shirt, hair, eyes, and cast shadow for the teeth. It is particularly helpful and formed a more distinct contrast with the other lighter value of shades, thus made the drawing look nicer.

Challenges:I struggled to finish the project since it took me a copious amount time and efforts, especially when I equipped with perfectionist mindset to improve the flaws. I erased the eyes, nose, and mouth for a few times even after the outline had been drawn. Therefore the partial surface of the paper almost tore, and deep pencil traces can be seen from the back of the paper. In the end I still could not make sure that it is the highest attainable accuracy, but there is still space for improvement. Despite this is really time-consuming, I believe that it is always good to keep trying. What I can further improve is firstly find a balance for the pursuit of perfectionism, and secondly to refrain from drawing dark and heavy outlines. For the next time I would like to try remove the grid technique or using bigger grids to challenge myself even more.