Our first project in Foundation Art I was "perspective". We were given two pieces to work on: the one -point perspective line drawing, and the two-point perspective drawing. Both pieces focused on the concept of the vanishing point, horizon line, converging lines, and parallel lines.
Piece #1: One Point Perspective
The materials used for this piece were as follows: 2B soft lead pencil, hard eraser, long metal ruler (for drawing converging and parallel lines), and a piece of drawing paper.
Before architects had access to complex computer programs to help with architectural drawings, they did things by hand using something called the "vanishing point". This point is anywhere they choose on the horizon line, a line drawn on the paper that serves as the viewer's line of sight. For our first drawing, the vanishing point was within the drawing's parameters. As we drew different buildings, stairs, and other architectural structures, we were to use our ruler to draw converging lines towards that vanishing point. This gives the illusion of depth and helps make the drawing look more realistic. To connect these converging lines, we used vertical parallel lines. Any extra segments of lines are to be erased, and what we are left with are the edges of the structures.
After we had completed the general outline, we proceeded to embellishing each building. We first began with windows, which were drawn in a similar way as the buildings using converging and parallel lines. One new thing we incorporated however, were lines that slanted inwards from the windows. When connected with lines parallel to the window bottom and side, it gave the illusion of depth inside the window; a window stool. After that, we further embellished our buildings with lined roofs and round tiles. The lined roofs were made up of converging lines and lines parallel to the roof edge, while the round tiles were outlined using the same concept and then rounded accordingly.
Some challenges that I faced for this first piece were drawing the tiled roofs and stairs properly. At first for the tiles, I had simply drawn converging lines and then drew rounded semi-circles on the lines. However, once I connected these curves with the ones above and below it, they appeared crooked and out of proportion. I then sought help from Mr. Laurence, and he suggested I also draw lines parallel to the roof's edges, getting closer together as the lines came closer to the vanishing point. I tried this and rounded the lines after this process. Sure enough, the final product was much neater and realistic. For the stairs, I found it hard to make each step look the same width without it actually being that way. Artists can create depth in two-dimensional spaces by making the stairs actually closer together as they move "further away" from the viewer, however at the same time, they had to "shrink" at the same consistent rate. I finally solved this problem after some trial-and-error by moving my ruler to reveal the previous line. This way, I could draw the next line after it accordingly. Before that, my ruler had been covering my previous work, and it had been difficult to estimate the distance.